This massage oil has been formulated Bob Flaws. This massage oil is the fruit of his many years of experience in both Western massage and Chinese tuina.Functions Moves the qi and quickens the blood, dispels stasisIngredients Apricot kernel oil Mo Yao (Myrrha)Ding Xiang (Fructus Caryophylli) Tan Xiang (Lignum Santali Albi)Xiao Hui Xiang (Fructus Foeniculi) An Xi Xiang (Styrax Benzoinum)Ru Xiang (Olibanum)Method of Use Apply externally for use as a massage oilFormula Rationale Every ingredient in this super high quality massage oil is a Chinese herbal medicinal with a 2000 plus year history of use. Three of the ingredients in this formula are categorized as qi-rectifiers, two are blood-quickeners, and one is an orifice-opener. When combined together, these ingredients move the qi and quicken the blood, thus dispelling stasis. Ding Xiang (Fructus Caryophylli), Tan Xiang (Lignum Santali Albi) and Xiao Hui Xiang (Fructus Foeniculi) move the qi, while Ru Xiang (Olibanum) and Mo Yao (Myrrha) quicken the blood. An Xi Xiang (Styrax Benzoinum) opens the oriface and penetrates turbidity, moves the qi and quickens the blood.For external use only. Not for internal consumption.